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Sunday, July 22, 2012

6 Perkara Menarik Mengenai Kota London

6 things you might not know about London

 

London Big Ben

London is the largest city in Europe and home to over 7 million people. Dating back to Roman times, the population has remained ethnically diverse - Jews, Muslims and Dutch traders arrived during the Middle Ages and centuries of slave trade contributed to a growing black community. Immigrant numbers rose during WW ll, and again post-war as the worker shortage saw an influx from the West Indies, Europe, and Asia. Today, there are 200 differentethnics and 300 languages spoken throughout London. 





London Monument

Historically, London has gone through at least fifteen major fires. The worst of all, the Great Fire of London, swept though the central parts of the City of London for four days in 1666. While it destroyed many historic buildings, it gave way to a better-planned London with superior buildings and wider streets. The Monument on Pudding Lane was built to commemorate the Great Fire of London. It is 202 ft tall and marks its distance from the shop of the king's baker, where the fire began.




London Museum

London celebrates a rich cultural heritage with 300 museums, over 200 theatres and over 250 art galleries sprawled across the city. 51% of Londoners have visited a museum or gallery in the last twelve months compared to 42% for the UK as a whole.

London Bridge


The Tower Bridge is one of the most popular bascule bridges in the world, which is made of two parts and can be opened in the center. It took eight years, five major contractors and over 400 construction workers to complete the bridge. In the 1920's the bridge was raised about 50 times a day. Today it is only raised about 1000 times annually. Tower Bridge is sometimes mistaken for London Bridge, the next bridge upstream. In 1968, Robert McCulloch, the purchaser of the old London Bridge that was later shipped to Lake Havasu City, Arizona, believed that he was in fact buying Tower Bridge.

London Underground - Tube

London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway, known as the ‘Tube’. London was also the first city to operate electric trains in 1890. During WWII, the Tube became a shelter to hundreds of thousands of civilians every night. To support these people, the London Underground installed 22,000 bunk beds, washrooms and even ran trains that supplied 7 tons of food and 2,400 gallons of tea every night. Some tunnels were also adapted to libraries, movies and an aircraft factory.

stadium


The London Olympic Stadium is the lightest Olympic stadium (in weight) ever built, and has a capacity of 80,000. Part of the supporting structure of the roof is formed from 2,500 tons of steel tubing that was actually recycled from old gas pipelines. There are fourteen lighting towers to support HD TV freeze-frame coverage that will be used for the first time in the 2012 Olympics to capture actions during the game.

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