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Saturday, August 4, 2012

Perang Dunia Yang Meragut Banyak Kematian Dalam Sejarah Manusia

One thing that the human kind was doing from the beginning of time is fighting with each other. Many times the fighting got out of hand and consumed the innocent people. Here is a list we compiled of the ten deadliest wars ever. These figures of one million or more deaths include the deaths of civilians from diseases, famine, etc., as well as deaths of soldiers in battle and possible massacres and genocide.


10Second Congo War

Location: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Year: 1998-2003
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 3,800,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 5,400,000
Percent Of The World: 0.06%–0.09%

The largest war in modern African history, it directly involved eight African nations, as well as about 25 armed groups. By 2008 the war and its aftermath had killed 5.4 million people, mostly from disease and starvation, making the Second Congo War the deadliest conflict worldwide since World War II. Millions more were displaced from their homes or sought asylum in neighboring countries.

9Russian Civil War

Location: Russia
Year: 1917-1921
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 9,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 5,000,000
Percent Of The World: 0.28%–0.5%

The Russian Civil War  was a multi-party war that occurred within the former Russian Empire after the Russian provisional government collapsed to the Soviets, under the domination of the Bolshevik party. Soviet forces first assumed power in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) and subsequently gained control throughout Russia.

8Dungan Revolt

Location: China
Year: 1862-1877
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 12,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 8,000,000
Percent Of The World: 0.6%–0.9%

The uprising was chaotic and often involved warring factions of bands and military leaders with no goal or purpose, merely to fight, on the western bank of the Yellow River. A common misconception is that it was directed against the Qing Dynasty, but there is no evidence at all showing that they intended to attack the capital of Beijing. When that rebellion failed, mass emigration of the Dungan people into Imperial Russia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan ensued.

 7Conquests of Timur

Location: Middle East, India, Central Asia, Russia
Year: 1369-1405
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 20,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 15,000,000
Percent Of The World: 3.4%–4.5%

Timur was in his lifetime a controversial figure, and remains so today. He sought to restore the Mongol Empire, yet his heaviest blow was against the Islamized Tatar Golden Horde. He was more at home in an urban environment than on the steppe. He styled himself a ghazi while conducting wars that severely affected some Muslim states, for example the Ottoman Empire. A great patron of the arts, his campaigns also caused vast destruction.

6World War I

Location: Worldwide
Year: 1914-1918
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 65,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 15,000,000
Percent Of The World: 0.8%–3.6%

World War I was a major war centered in Europe that began in the summer of 1914 and lasted until November 1918. It involved all of the world’s great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies and the Central Powers. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. More than 9 million combatants were killed, largely because of great technological advances in firepower without corresponding advances in mobility.

5Taiping Rebellion

Location: China
Year: 1851-1864
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 30,000,000+
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 2,000,000
Percent Of The World: 1.6%–2.1%

The Taiping Rebellion was a widespread civil war in southern China from 1850 to 1864, led by heterodox Christian convert Hong Xiuquan, who having received visions, maintained that he was the younger brother of Jesus Christ against the ruling Manchu-led Qing Dynasty. About 20 million people died, mainly civilians, in one of the deadliest military conflicts in history.

4Qing Dynasty conquest of the Ming Dynasty

Location: China
Year: 1616-1662
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 25,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 25,000,000
Percent Of The World: 4.8%

The Qing Dynasty also known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the last dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed by the Republic of China. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in modern northeast China. Starting in 1644 it expanded into China proper and its surrounding territories, establishing the Empire of the Great Qing. Complete pacification of China was accomplished around 1683 under the Kangxi Emperor.

3 Mongol Conquests

Location: Asia, Eastern Europe, Middle East
Year: 1207-1472
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 60,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 30,000,000
Percent Of The World: 7.5%–17.1%

The Mongol Empire initially named as Greater Mongol State was a great empire during the 13th and 14th centuries. Beginning in the Central Asian steppes, it eventually stretched from Eastern Europe to the Sea of Japan, covered Siberia in the north and extended southward into Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East. It is commonly referred to as the largest contiguous empire in the history of the world. At its greatest extent it spanned 6,000 mi (9,700 km), covered an area of 33,000,000 km2 (12,700,000 sq mi), 22% of the Earth’s total land area, and held sway over a population of 100 million.

2An Lushan Rebellion

Location: China
Year: 755-763
Highest Estimate (Deaths): 36,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths): 33,000,000
Percent Of The World: 14.0%–15.3%

The An Lushan Rebellion took place in China during the Tang Dynasty, from December 16, 755 to February 17, 763. An Lushan, an ex-Tang general, declared himself emperor, establishing the rival Yan Dynasty in Northern China. The rebellion spanned the reign of three Tang emperors before it was quashed. During that time, the registered population declined by up to 36 million, though most of this was due to the breakdown of the census system during the war.

1World War II

Location: Worldwide
Year: 1939-1945
Highest Estimate (Deaths):72,000,000
Lowest Estimate (Deaths):40,000,000
Percent Of The World: 1.7%–3.1%

World War II was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, which involved most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers: eventually forming two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilized. In a state of “total war,” the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict in human history, resulting in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.

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